Sequence IIIG Test Method Services

Sequence IIIG testing for automotive engine oils

The Sequence IIIG Test is a fired-engine, dynamometer lubricant test for evaluating automotive engine oils for certain high-temperature performance characteristics, including oil thickening, varnish deposition, oil consumption, and engine wear. Such oils include both single viscosity grade and multi-viscosity grade oils that are used in spark-ignition, gasoline-fueled engines, as well as diesel engines.

The Sequence IIIG Test utilizes a 1996 General Motors Powertrain 3800 Series II, water-cooled, 4 cycle, V-6 engine as the test apparatus. The Sequence IIIG test engine is an overhead valve design (OHV) and uses a single camshaft operating both intake and exhaust valves via pushrods and hydraulic valve lifters in a sliding-follower arrangement. The engine uses one intake and one exhaust valve per cylinder. Induction is handled by a modified GM port fuel injection system setting the air-to-fuel ratio at 15:1. The test engine is overhauled prior to each test, during which critical engine dimensions are measured and rated or measured parts (pistons, camshaft, valve lifters, etc.) are replaced.

The Sequence IIIG Test consists of a 10-minute operational check, followed by 100 hours of engine operation at moderately high speed, load, and temperature conditions. The 100-hour segment is broken down into five 20-hour test segments. Following the 10-minute operational check and each 20-hour segment, oil samples are drawn from the engine. The kinematic viscosities of the 20-hour segment samples are compared to the viscosity of the 10-minute sample to determine the viscosity increase of the test oil.

Sequence IIIG Test Method Services
The Sequence IIIG Test is operated at the following test states during the 100-hour portion of the test:

Sequence IIIG Test ParameterSet Point
Engine Speed3600 r/min
Engine Load250 N-m
Oil Filter Block Temperature150 ° C
Coolant Outlet Temperature115 ° C
Fuel Pressure377.5 kPa
Intake Air Temperature35 ° C
Intake Air Pressure0.05 kPa
Intake Air Dew Point16.1 ° C
Exhaust Back Pressure6 kPa
Engine Coolant Flow160 L/min
Breather Tube Coolant Flow10 L/min
Air-to-Fuel Ratio15.0:1
Condenser Coolant Outlet Temperature40 ° C
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