Moisture Content ASTM D789, ISO 15512

Moisture Content by Karl Fischer ASTM D789, ISO 15512

Scope:
Karl Fischer is used to determine the water content of samples. It can be more accurate than simple weight loss because in the weight loss method volatiles other than water can be lost which is translated into artificially high water content. Knowledge of the moisture content can be important since some polymers degrade when molded wet resulting in reduced properties. Also, hygroscopic materials like nylon absorb moisture and knowledge of the water content can be important in understanding performance.

Test Procedure:
A small weighed sample is placed into the Karl Fischer drying oven at a predetermined temperature for a predetermined period of time. The time and temperature values are arrived at by testing a similar material and varying the temperature and bake time independently to determine optimal conditions for removal of all water in the sample. If the temperature is too low or the retention time too short all of the water might not be driven off. A temperature value too high can degrade the polymer and actually generate water in some cases.

The water in the sample is vaporized and carried by dry oxygen free nitrogen into a reaction vessel with methanol. The methanol traps the water which is titrated to an end point with a Karl Fischer reagent to determine the amount present.

Specimen size:
One to three grams.

Data:
Water content percent or parts per million.

**Please note that this test description is intentionally generic in nature and aimed at providing a descriptive summary to enhance test understanding. Standards can be obtained from appropriate standard authorities.

 
Need help or have a question? +1 413 499 0983
 

Need help or have a question?

+1 413 499 0983
Wilton UK:
+44 1642 435 788
Benelux:
+31 88 126 8888
France:
+33 (0) 385 99 12 80
APAC:
+65 6805 4800
Germany:
0800 5855888
+49 711 27311 152
Switzerland:
+41 61 686 4800
Mexico:
01 800 5468 3783
+52 55 5091 2150
Brazil:
+55 11 2322 8033
Australia:
+61 1300 046 837
India:
+91 (22) 4245 0204