Frequently Asked Questions about the Eco-design Directive 2005/32/EC .
Q: What is the Eco-design Directive?
A: The Eco-design Directive for Energy-using Products (2005/32/EC) was adopted in 2005 and came into force in August 2007. It establishes a framework under which manufacturers of energy-using products (EuP) will, at the design stage, be obliged to reduce the energy consumption and other negative environmental impacts that occur during the product’s life cycle. This is an article 95 directive which means adoption will be aligned in all member states.
While the EuP Directive itself is just a framework, it makes specific provisions by product category called implementing measures (IM). Quite simply, each IM acts as an individual standard, which provides the necessary conformity assessment regimen for a particular product category. Each implementing measure’s conformity assessment regimen covers minimum energy performance standards and environmental regulations by product category.
Q: What products are effected and when?
A: Currently, the following products fall under the jurisdiction of the EuP Directive:
Measures adopted by the Commission in 2008
• Stand-by and off-mode losses
Measures adopted by the Commission in 2009
• Simple Set-Top boxes
Measures planned to be adopted by the Commission in spring 2009
• External power supplies
• Street and office lighting
• Domestic lighting
Measures to be submitted for Committee vote in spring 2009
• Water heaters
• Electric motors
• Electric circulators
• Refrigerators and freezers for household use
• Dishwashers and washing machines for household use
Product categories with Implementing Measures in development
• Boilers (gas/oil/electricity)
• Personal computers and monitors
• Imaging equipment (copiers, faxes, printers, scanners)
• Air conditioning
• Electric pumps
• Electric ventilation fans
• Refrigerators and freezers for commercial use
• Boilers for solid fuels
• Tumble dryers
• Vacuum cleaners
• Complex set top boxes
• Radiators and fan-heaters
• Appliances for room-heating using hot-air
• Ovens for household and commercial use
• Cooking ranges and grills for household and commercial use
• Dishwashers, washing machines and tumble dryers for commercial use
• Coffee machines
• Network stand-by
• UPS (uninterruptible power supply) for household use
Q: What is the purpose of EuP? A: The purpose of the EuP directive is to decrease the environmental effects and to promote a sustainable environment. In longer terms this secures energy supply and helps achieve sustainable development. It also goes beyond looking at just energy efficiency; it also considers the whole life-cycle cost. Business and consumers benefit not only from better products and an improved environment, but also economically, because of a more rational use of resources.
Q: What products are exempt?
A: Exempted are vehicles that transport humans or goods (cars, trains, ships, and airplanes).
Q: Who does the Directive affect and what are they responsible for? A: The directive affects manufacturers and importers placing product in the EU markets. Manufacturers are responsible for producing products which are designed to minimize their overall environmental impact. If a manufacturer cannot be identified, it is the importer’s responsibility to guarantee the marketed product complies with the directive and the IMs. The importer also needs to keep the declaration of conformity and the technical documentation available.
Q: How does this directive differ from other EU directives and legislations? A: The scope of the EuP Directive is much wider than say the WEEE or RoHS directives in that it requires eco-design to be an integral part of business practice and CE marking.
Q: What criteria’s have to be met for a product to fall under EuP?
- Products must have a market sales volume of 200,000 units or more per year in the EU
- Products must have a significant impact on the environment
- Products must present a significant potential for improvement
Q: Why should companies comply with the EuP Directive?
A: Companies have to comply with the EuP directive if they want to continue to CE mark and sell their products in the EU. A declaration of conformity is needed stating that the product complies with the relevant provisions of the implementing measure.
Q: How does the directive affect the consumers? A: For the consumer EuP compliance means that products fulfill higher requirements and standards. Products meet higher demands on energy performance and other environmental factors. If the products fulfill the eco-design requirements they are allowed to carry the CE mark.
Q: What are the EuP metrics?
A: The Standby/off mode IM is limited to household and office equipment intended for use I the domestic environment. For IT equipment, this corresponds to Class B equipment as defined in EN55022, examples of this is scanners and printers.
Stand by/off Mode Limits
Power consumption data in Watts rounded to the second decimal place
o By January 7, 2010: Off Mode not to exceed 1.00W consumption
o By January 7, 2010: Standby Mode not to exceed 1.00W; or 2.00W if providing information or status display
o By January 7, 2013: Off Mode not to exceed 0.50W consumption
o By January 7, 2013: Standby Mode not to exceed 0.50W; or 1.00W if providing information or status display
Q: What authority makes sure companies comply?
A: Market surveillance will be conducted via market sampling and lab testing and will be deemed compliant if the tested values do not exceed 10% of the limit values. If a product doesn’t comply to EuP the company putting the product on the market is forced to immediately withdraw the product. The company will also be subject to a fine.
Q: What does the IM Stand by/off mode entail?
A: The European Commission adopted the Eco-design Regulation 1275/2008 in December 2008. On January 7, 2009 the regulation came into force. The Stand by/off mode Regulation is the first implementing measure under the EuP Directive. The purpose of the Stand by/off mode Regulation is to reduce the energy consumption of all household and office products in standby and off mode. The unique aspect of standby/off mode is that it does not include a special product area, but embraces a number of product groups.
Q: What is the Scope of Products for Stand by/off mode?
• Household appliances
• Information technology equipment intended primarily for domestic use
• Consumer audio/visual equipment
• Toys, leisure and sports equipment
Q: Why is stand by/off mode crucial?
A: A preparatory study showed that products with standby and off mode are placed on the EU market in large volumes. It was estimated that 3.7 billion products had standby / off mode in 2005 corresponding to costs in electricity usage of €6.4 billion while actually in standby / off mode, or 47 TWh (Terra-Watt hours). By 2020 it is anticipated there will be 4.6 billion products. Clearly the environmental impact of electricity consumption in standby / off mode is significant.
Q: How do I comply?
A: The EuP Directive is an expansive piece of environmental legislation; and if taken on alone by manufacturers can seem onerous to achieve and difficult to document compliance for legal CE Marking. Intertek’s depth of experts in environmental legislation and product compliance have untangled the EuP Directive and its implementing measures to help manufacturers realize the most cost-efficient, easy to understand and simple path to compliance and market access. Intertek’s EuP solutions are, broken into two categories.
Intertek’s EuP Compliance Program: A GREENER way to market
EuP Training & Consulting
• EuP Training & Consulting: Learn WHAT your quickest and most cost-efficient compliance options are. We’ll tell you IF, WHEN, and HOW EuP will affect your product.
• EuP Eco Software Analysis: Let Intertek perform an analysis of your product’s Ecological profile according to the EuP directive specifications
• EuP Pre-Compliance Verification: Learn how your product measures up against proposed and future EuP regulations for R&D purposes, compliance planning and to determine market readiness.
• EuP Compliance Verification: Receive full verification to the appropriate EuP Implementing Measures and Intertek will deliver a test report for your product’s technical file and Statement of Compliance for legal CE Marking. We’ll also advise and provide you with the most cost-effective path to compliance with other New Approach Directives.
Quality and Environmental Management Systems and EuP: In addition to third-party testing, the EuP Directive allows for compliance via a manufacturer’s own Environmental or Quality Management System approach. For this, manufacturers must still meet the conformity assessment requirements of the applicable Implementing Measures. In short, manufacturers must still have the appropriate testing and eco-design data to support a compliance claim. But, manufacturers must have documented processes within current EMS or QMS. Intertek can support manufacturers with guidance on structuring their EMS or QMS to facilitate internal testing and proper documented procedures for EuP compliance and technical file preparation, or provide support with the actual testing and Statement of Compliance.
Q: Why choose Intertek?
A: Intertek cuts through the clutter of the EuP Directive and compliance language to give manufacturers a clear and simple path to what’s most important –
• cost-efficient compliance solutions,
• easy market access,
• peace of mind.
*Intertek consulting services provided for ErP are carried out by consulting experts of a separate legal entity who have no influence over any aspect of Intertek Notified Body activities.